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Why Private Basic Schools perform better than Public Basic Schools

Posted by agwisdom on February 27, 2014 at 10:20 AM

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One of the recurrent themes in our educational system is the difference in the outcomes or achievements, as measured by the results of the Basic Education Certificate Examinations BECE)of the pupils in the public and private basic schools . it is generally accepted that pupils in the private schools perform better than those in the public school ,what is the real meaning of pupils ,outcomes or achievements.

At the end of each segment of schooling, pupils are presumed to have achieved a level of knowledge, skill and values that will help them attain their full potential through the result of their BECE.

To trace the probable cause of the differences in performances of both types of schools, let’s assume the professional qualifications, experience and payoff the teacher are same on both schools ,while the orientation, school environment, management , and administration, attitude of teachers ,parental support ,school fess and pupil efforts are different.

The  orientation of schools
Let’s recall that a private basic school starts as experimental schools to prepare pupils to take the Common Entrance Examinations for admission to secondary school. Even though Common Entrance Examinations ceased with the Educational Reforms, the orientations of the private basic schools remain the same ,still preparing the students for SHS .the mandate of the public school on the other hand is to give pupil  quality education. Public basic schools are terminal and their objectives are as follows:
Pre-school is for personal development and predisposing the child for formal education.

Primary achieves numeracy, literacy and problem solving skills,laying foundation for enquiry and creativity, achieving good health  status and how to adapt to the local and global environment change, also lay development of manipulative psycho-social and other life skills that will prepare the pupils to function effectively to his advantage and that of community ,and inculcate good citizenship  as means of participation in national development.

For JSS education the objectives are to discover their aptitudes and potentials and induce desire for self –improvement. From the above objectives, public basic school is supposed to prepare pupils for life and not merely as a preparatory stage for secondary education, though not excluding that aim also.

The management and administration of the schools
Management is simply defined as those responsible for ensuring that resources are judiciously used to achieve their objectives, administration may refer to designs of rules, procedures, practices and system for effectively implementing policies and programs of the organization.

At the public level the head teacher is both the manager and administrator, the Education Reform in Ghana is plagues with problems like poor supervisions of heads, inadequate preparations of heads and teachers and the lack of appropriate incentives for head and teachers.

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School environment, school fees policy and parental support to children. 
The school environment including management of personnel, provision of teaching and learning materials, in private schools are far better than in many public basic schools.
Public schools appear not to be accountable to anybody, while private schools are accountable to their clients.
Successive governments since independence pretend to fully fund public schools whereby parents don’t pay full fees therefore denying the schools of resources needed to discharge their duties. The policy of free-supply of free textbooks instituted in 1963 and other so-called pro-poor policy interventions never worked satisfactorily.
It’s believed that parents of pupils in private schools motivate and assist their children to learn. However it’s the other way round with pupils in public schools.

The intelligence and efforts of pupil
Intelligence and efforts of pupil influences their academic performances. Since parents of pupils in private schools are known to exert positive pressure on their children, they make more efforts at learning than the pupils in public schools.
The socio-economic background of the parent plays an essential role either positive or negative on the child.

Teachers’ attitude to work
Private schools are client driven so they set targets and expect teachers to meet them if not they might be sacked.
The symptoms of poor management, such as laziness, absenteeism and lateness by teachers are rare in private schools while frequent in public schools, nobody seems to be demanding results from public school teachers, which is a reaction to poor management practices and the low motivation prevalent in the educations sector.

Granting that the BECE measures pupils’ outcome or achievements, even if private school pupils do better than public school pupils, their curriculum is loaded with unnecessary subjects at that level.

At primary let’s concentrate on reading, writing and verbal communications
At JHS the concentration should be on science, math, geography, history, literature, English language and verbal communications.

Teachers union should spend some of their resources by stepping up efforts in ensuring professionalism.
The task of our educational institution is to make all young people leave the education with the skills to find a good job and a capacity for lifelong learning .it means schools which teach young people must not just academic success but care, compassion and confidence.

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